UDC 539.165; 539.182.2; 531.51/159.922


Levin Boris Mikhailivich
Cand.Sci. (Phys. & Math.)

According to the phenomenological model to Theory of Everything, single-quantum annihilation of orthopositronium, forbidden by the law of conservation of momentum in quantum electrodynamics/QED, is realized under “resonance conditions” with participation of magnetic monopole acting outside the limits of the light cone.
Phenomenology is justified in theory – a precedent for the complete degeneration of ortho-para-superpositronium in supersymmetric QED (1985) and the structure of vacuum in chiral supersymmetric quantum electrodynamics (1986).

Keywords: a magnetic monopole, QED-positronium, Theory of Everything, trough the looking glass

Category: 01.00.00 Physics and mathematics

Article reference:
Levin B.M. To Theory of Everything. β+-Orthopositronium with a Magnetic Monopole in “through the Looking Glass”. Phenomenology // Modern scientific researches and innovations. 2019. № 12 [Electronic journal]. URL: https://web.snauka.ru/en/issues/2019/12/90958

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 Positronium (symbol Ps) is a hydrogen-like atom in which the proton (p) is replaced by a positron (e+) – the electron (e) antiparticle. Therefore, Ps, unlike a hydrogen atom, is unstable and with the necessity annihilates, turning into gamma quanta (ga) for fractions of millionth (orthopositronium  – spin 1, odd number ga, symbols o-PsTPs) or billionths of second (parapositronium  - spin 0, even number ga, symbols p-PsSPs).

This representation of Ps corresponds to quantum electrodynamics (QED-Ps) as part of the modern Standard Model/SM. Today, the reason for stagnation of SM (from the mid-1970s) is already visible: experiments of a number of laboratories (USA, Russia, England, and Canada) with positrons from decay of nuclei of type DJp =1p (22Na64Cu68Ga and so on), from the mid-1950s to the mid-1980s, definitely indicate the fundamental difference between the annihilation of -Ps  and QED-Ps.
It is assumed that in the system “22Na/3+/-gaseous neon (22Ne/2+/) of natural isotopic composition (~9% 22Ne/0+/)” (“resonance conditions”) due to topological quantum transitions/TQT implements single-quantum annihilation of orthopositronium ( MeV) in the presence atom of long-range action/ALRA, which is forbidden in QED due to violation of the law of conservation of momentum.
The observed paradoxical implementation of the Mossbauer Effect [1] allows one to substantiate the phenomenology of the discrete structure of ALRA (the number of nodes  with the ALRA core) “outside” the light cone instead of the counterproductive phenomenology “tachyon”.
To substantiate the phenomenology of ALRA, particular attention is required to the registration of the single-quantum annihilation mode of the -orthopositronium (ga-quantum/-notoph [1,2]  MeV) by the lifetime method, since the gn(“start”)-ga(“stop”) delayed coincidences method excludes registration of the ga-quantum with  MeV energy.
Indeed, the thresholds of the differential discriminator of the lifetime spectrometer are set to register ga-quanta in the range (0,34-0,51) MeV.
The ban on registration is lifted if we take into account the interaction of the -notoph with the two-digit () structure of the ALRA. As a result, half the energy of the notoph () MeV is compensated by the interaction of the -notoph with quasiparticle  in the ALRA(–) of negative mass

MeV) + ALRA (– ) (MeV) MeV),

and the single-quantum (single-notoph) annihilation mode of the -orthopositronium can be detected by lifetime spectrometer.

The forerunners of the phenomenology of ALRA in theory were the concept of “vacuum-like states of matter” by E.B. Gliner (1965) based on the general relativity/GR, the “full relativity” by A.F. Andreev (1982) and the mathematical extension of GR by L.B. Borissova & D.D. Rabounski (“zero-space” – a new long-range action, 1997) based on the method of chronometric invariants by L.A. Zelmanov (see [2]).
The presentation of the experimental anomalies of “quiet physics” under consideration, for expanding the SM, was made possible on the basis of the transition from considering positronium in the framework of QED to supersymmetric QED, in which the precedent was established in theory – “… complete degeneration for para- and ortho-superpositronium” [3].
In QED, the mixing of TPs and SPs occurs in a magnetic field. Operator of energy of interaction of positronium with a magnetic field

it is not invariant to replacing an electron with positron and therefore does not preserve of the charge parity; it mixes the singlet and triplet (m = 0, where m is the magnetic quantum number) states. In sufficiently strong magnetic fields, the “good” quantum number is no longer the positronium spin, but the magnetic quantum number:  – annihilation by 3ga or  – annihilation by 2ga. The splitting of the levers of triplet positronium in a magnetic field is determined by the expression

where eV ( - binding energy Ps, see [4]).

Positronium is a truly neutral system, since during charge conjugation the positron is replaced by an electron and electron by a positron, again forming positronium. Nevertheless, the ambiguity due to the spin of the compound of a truly neutral particle – TPs (S = 1) and SPs (S = 0) is obvious here. At this stage of phenomenology, certainty is restored by referring to magnetic properties – the magnetic moment TPs is 0, and SPs is equal to two Bohr magnetons (). Consideration of superpositronium [3] removes the uncertainty (): one can consider oscillations of orthopositronium (a degenerate state of ortho-/para-superpositronium), which admits single-quantum annihilation in the “trough the looking glass”, which, unlike the “mirror Universe” by S. Glashow [5] it is realized in finite 4-volume of space-time in the TQT process at -decays of the mentioned type [2].
As a result, the phenomenological analysis admits: by the action of an effective magnetic field in the through the looking glass, we can justify the small contribution to the energy of mirror quanta || at one-quantum annihilation.
Let us imagine the magnetic field  as the field of a magnetic monopole placed at the center of mass of a supersymmetric (“complete degeneracy” [3]) -positronium . Let its intensity be sufficient to compensate for the positronium in substate = 0 binding energy W with an accuracy || (equal to the total energy of two photons/notophs in the “looking glass”). Then, from the connection

we get the strength magnetic field of monopole

and the charge of the magnetic monopole


where  is the positronium radius.

The Dirac-Schwinger relation of the coupling of an elementary electric charge and a magnetic charge of a monopole is obtained.


This phenomenology of a magnetic monopole as a part of a two-valued ALRA() is essentially justified by a fundamental structure open “at the tip of a pen” when studying vacuum in a chiral (invariant with respect to the direction of rotation) supersymmetric QCD in a finite volume, which is an “ion crystal”:
In the case of the usual supersymmetric QCDthe lattice of monopoles of charge –1 is superimposed on a similar lattice of monopoles with charge +1” [6].
As was noted by Schwinger in another context, as a result “… a magnetic charge can be used to interpret the empirical properties of a nucleon charge” [7].

The Dirac monopole, connected with a truly neutral compound atom – supersymmetric -positronium , included in the structure of ALRA with the ALRA core, also becomes a truly neutral system. In this sense, the phenomenology of the Dirac magnetic monopole can be compared with the theory of the truly neutral fermion E. Majorana.
The direct statements of Dirac about the theory of E. Majorana, which would seem to provoke a conceptual conflict, are unknown. But the exit the Theory of Everything beyond the light cone, a priori of the Project of the decisive experiment, brings together both concepts of quantum field theory [8, 9].

  1. Levin B.M., Kochenda L.M., Markov A.A., and Shantarovich V.P. Time spectra of annihilation of positrons (22Na) in gaseous neon of various isotopic compositions. Sov. J. Nucl. Phys., v.45(6), p.1119, 1987.
  2. Levin B.M. Atom of Long-Range Action Instead of Counter-Productive Tachyon Phenomenology. Decisive Experiment of the New (Additional) Phenomenology Outside of the Light Cone. Progress in Physics, v.13(1), p.p.11-17, 2017  http://www.ptep-online.com
  3. Di Vecchia P. and Schuchhardt V. N=1 and N=2 supersymmetric positronium. Phys. Lett., v.B155 (5/6), p.427, 1985.
  4. Goldanskii V.I. Physical chemistry of the positron and positronium. ATOMIC ENERGY REVIEW, v.6 (1), p.3, VIENNA, 1968.
  5. Glashow S.L. Positronium versus the mirror Universe. Phys. Lett., v.B167(2), p.35, 1986.
  6. Smilga A.V. Structure of vacuum in chiral supersymmetric quantum electrodynamics. Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fis. 91, 14-24, July 1986.
  7. Schwinger J. A magnetic model of matter. Science, v.165, №3895, p.757, 1969.
  8. Levin B.M. To the Theory of Everything. Phenomenology. NAUKA XXI VEKA, №8, p.p.8-13, Au-  gust 2019.
  9. Levin B.M. PHYSICS. New way. NAUKA XXI VEKA, №10, p.p.8-16, October 2019.

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