УДК 330

АНАЛИЗ ЭКОНОМИКИ РОССИИ В 2016 ГОДУ

Данилина М.В.1, Любкин С.М.2, Литвинов А.Н.3
1Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации, Российский экономический университет имени Г. В. Плеханова
2Российский экономический университет имени Г. В. Плеханова
3Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации

Аннотация
В статье анализируются статистические данные развития основных показателей России в 2016 году и перспективы в 2017 году.

Ключевые слова: ВВП, инвестиции, инфляция, развитие., Россия, экономика


ANALYSIS OF THE ECONOMY OF RUSSIA IN 2016

Danilina M.V.1, Lubkin S.M.2, Litvinov A.N.3
1Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
2Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
3Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

Abstract
The article analyses the statistical data of the development of the main indicators of Russia in 2016 and the perspectives in 2017.

Keywords: development, economy, GDP, inflation, investments, Russia


Рубрика: 08.00.00 ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ

Библиографическая ссылка на статью:
Данилина М.В., Любкин С.М., Литвинов А.Н. Analysis of the economy of Russia in 2016 // Современные научные исследования и инновации. 2016. № 12 [Электронный ресурс]. URL: http://web.snauka.ru/issues/2016/12/76165 (дата обращения: 03.06.2017).

In 2016 the economy of Russia faced a number of problems which influenced the dynamics of its economic indicators. According to the statistical data, the volume of GDP in the third quarter 2016 amounted 15754.5 bln. roubles, the volume of the investments in the main capital in January-September 2016 amounted 9116.1 bln. roubles, consumer price index was 100,4%, production price index was 100,7%, unemployement level was 5,4%, total number of unemployed was 4,1 bln. people (table 1).

Table 1. Main economic indicators of Russia in 2015-2016

Coefficient

Data

Amount

Measure

Difference

Valid on

GDP

GDP

31.12.15

60682.1

bln. roubles

-2349

25.01.16

GDP

III quarter 2016

15754.5

bln. roubles

1232.4

13.12.16

Investments in the main capital

December 2015

2460.3

bln. roubles

1013.5

25.01.16

Investments in the main capital

January-September 2016

9116.1

bln. roubles

-

19.12.16

Inflation

Consumer price index

Ноябрь 2016

100.4

%

0

06.12.16

Production price index

Ноябрь 2016

100.7

%

-

15.12.16

Labour market indicators

Total number of unemployed

Ноябрь 2016

4.1

bln. people

0.01

19.12.16

Unemployment level

Ноябрь 2016

5.4

%

-

19.12.16

Source: Rosbusinesscounsulting, http://quote.rbc.ru/macro/country/1.shtml

Table 2 Dynamics of the production in Russia, %

Year

Percent

2005

4.0

2006

4.8

2007

7.4

2008

3.5

2009

-13.1

2010

8.3

2011

5.0

2012

2.6

2013

0.1

2014

0.6

2015

-3.5

Source: CIA World Factbook

The dynamics of the production in Russia from 2010 had a negative trend and diminished from 8,3 percent till -3,5 percent. The dynamics of GDP had a negative trend as well.

Such trends need the application of the anticrisis methods for the economy of Russia. According to the Forecast of socio – economic development of the Russian Federation for 2016 and the planning period of 2017 and 2018, the main priorities of the development of the economy of Russia are the following: increasing the investment attractiveness of the Russian Federation, improving the business climate and creating favorable business environment; balancing the federal budget; preservation of the tax conditions of stability and optimization of tariff regulation; improving the quality of life and investment in human capital; balanced regional development; improving the quality of the functioning of the state institutions authorities; development of the information technology and support of the high-tech sectors of the economy [2].
In the part of the increasing of the investment attractiveness of the Russian Federation, one of the main goals is the improvement of the business climate and creating the favorable business environment in 2016 – 2018. It is important to focus on the implementation of the new business community initiatives, enforcement practices and interaction with the business as a result of the implementation of the “road cards” [2].
The key areas of public health care policy in the period 2016-2018 are: ensuring the adoption of additional measures to improve health; the cost-effectiveness of the health system on the basis of scientific based analysis; development of a cost accounting methodology in health organizations for the medical assistance and payment the cost of the program on the base of the state guarantees for the free medical assistance to the citizens; introduction to the system of clinical guidelines (treatment protocols); acceptance of the “road map” of nuclear medicine centers and
Diagnostics [2].
In the implementation of fiscal policy, the focus will be placed on anti-crisis measures. Russian Government measures in the tax area are as follows: exemptions from corporate income tax for new productions; the increase in initial cost of depreciable property for tax purposes; measures to tax incentives for the development of small businesses through special tax regimes; the patent for the self-employed individuals who have not hired workers; increased revenue threshold for the purposes of payment of advanced payments of the corporate income tax; simplifying calculation and decision to deduct the VAT paid as part of advance payment [2].

For 2017 there are many positive forecasts. One of them is the forecast of the economis of Saxo Bank S. Yakobsen: “The sanctions are likely to be removed, not all of them, but at least part of them, already in 2017, that will have a positive impact on the economy. The lifting of sanctions will accelerate Russia’s GDP growth by 1 percentage point per year, which will allow him to go to zero”. In this he agrees with those same Kudrin [3].


References
  1. Rosbusinesscounsulting, http://quote.rbc.ru/macro/country/1.shtml
  2. Прогноз социально – экономического развития Российской Федерации на 2016 год и на плановый период 2017 и 2018 годов, http://economy.gov.ru/wps/wcm/connect/fb93efc7-d9ad-4f63-8d51-f0958ae58d3e/1.pdf?MOD=AJPERES&CACHEID=fb93efc7-d9ad-4f63-8d51-f0958ae58d3e
  3. Рустем Фаляхов 2017-й для России: ни роста, ни реформ Экономический прогноз для России на 2017-й год, 10.11.2016, https://www.gazeta.ru/business/2016/11/09/10318493.shtml
  4. Баранников А.Л., Данилина М.В. Инвестиционный потенциал и основ-ные “точки роста” для обеспечения устойчивого развития российской экономики Материалы III Международной научно-практической конференции: Устойчивое развитие российской экономики 2016.С.7-11
  5. Данилина М.В. Современная ситуация в инвестиционной сфере в России / Экономический анализ: теория и практика. 2004. № 7.
  6. Данилина М.В. О формировании и управлении Стабилизационным фондом федерального бюджета России Научные труды: Институт народнохозяйственного прогнозирования РАН. 2004. Т. 2. С. 93-111.
  7. Данилина М.В., Щербакова К.С. Анализ инновационной политики Российской Федерации на современном этапе / Гуманитарные научные исследования. 2014. № 10 (38). С. 167-173.
  8. Данилина М.В. Экономическое и политическое взаимодействие России и Евросоюза / Национальные интересы: приоритеты и безопасность. 2011. № 23. С. 59-69.
  9. Nadtochy Y.V., Danilina M.V., Klochko E.N., Gurieva L.K., Bazhenov R.I., Bakharev V.V. Economic factors and conditions for the transformation of the educational services market in the context of globalization International Review of Management and Marketing. 2016. Т. 6. № S1. С. 33-39.


Все статьи автора «Данилина Марина Викторовна»


© Если вы обнаружили нарушение авторских или смежных прав, пожалуйста, незамедлительно сообщите нам об этом по электронной почте или через форму обратной связи.

Связь с автором (комментарии/рецензии к статье)

Оставить комментарий

Вы должны авторизоваться, чтобы оставить комментарий.

Если Вы еще не зарегистрированы на сайте, то Вам необходимо зарегистрироваться: