UDC 332

FACTORS AND CONDITIONS OF FUNCTIONING AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE LAND MARKET IN THE REGION

Vilisova Anna Sergeevna
Ural State Economic University

Abstract
This article focuses on the factors and conditions of functioning and development of the land market in the region.

Category: 08.00.00 Economics

Article reference:
Factors and conditions of functioning and development of the land market in the region // Modern scientific researches and innovations. 2017. № 1 [Electronic journal]. URL: http://web.snauka.ru/en/issues/2017/01/77251

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The factors are the forces that retard or accelerate the development of the land market.

There are two types of factors [2, p. 56]:

- external – the forces that act on land market development at the country level.

- internal – is Elah, which act on the development of the land market at the regional level.

The external factors include [2, p. 57]:

a) the economic situation in the whole country – for example, the economic crisis of 2008 in Russia led to the negative dynamics of the volume of works in construction because the costs of development and production of construction works was very high. In consequence, the demand for land in Russia decreased ;

b) the demographic situation in the country. Throughout the country, population distribution is uneven along with the extensive densely populated areas with high population density are undeveloped region. The most populous regions of Russia are: Moscow and Moscow oblast, St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region. Populous in Russia are the following regions: Krasnodar, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Sverdlovsk, Rostov and Chelyabinsk regions, the republics of Bashkortostan and Tatarstan. The most sparsely populated entities are Autonomous district of Taimyr, Nenets, Chukotka, etc In more populated areas need to land much later than sparsely populated;

C) state regulation of land market:

1) legal regulation of the land market at the Federal level;

2) economic zoning;

3) the state policy in the sphere of taxation, pricing, lending, and investments.

The internal factors include [1, p. 57]:

a) the economic situation in the region:

1) the income level of the population;

2) the level of employment of the population;

For example, the economic crisis of 2008 led to the loss of jobs for the population of the Sverdlovsk region, hence the level of employment fell, incomes fell, in consequence of and the need for land and the demand for them fell;

3) the level of land prices – the higher price of land, the lower the demand;

4) the availability of sources of financing – the development of mortgages in the region as well as the cost of credit;

5) the costs of preparation and registration of transactions.

b) social and demographic situation in the region:

1) the number of people entering and leaving the region;

2) the size and population density of the region;

For example, the Sverdlovsk region is a populous region of Russia, hence the need to land there as part of the population of the region, and on the part of builders and investors.

3) the age structure and professional structure of the region. The more able-bodied population in the region, the higher the demand will be brought to land.

C) the physical characteristics of the land and the environment:

1) climatic conditions (e.g. length of seasons, water reservoirs;

2) the physical characteristics of the land – soil type, topography, shape of site;

3) the susceptibility of the land to the negative influences of the environment – drought, flood, landslides.

In addition to those factors listed above, the demand for land in the region exposed and other factors. These factors include the interests of buyers to the adjacent land current land market advertising, important terms and conditions of the seller and/or buyer in the design, financing the transaction [2, p. 58].

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References
  1. Горемыкин, В.А. Экономика недвижимости [Текст]: учебник для бакалавров / В.А. Горемыкин. – 7 – е изд., перераб. и доп. – М.: Издательство Юоайт, 2012. – 926 с.
  2. Петров, В.И. Оценка стоимости земельных участков [Текст]: учебное пособие/В.И. Петров; под ред. М.А. Федотовой. – 4 – е изд., перераб. – М.: КНОРУС, 2012. – 264 с.


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