UDC 159.97


Smirnova Natalia Sergeevna
Minin Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University
faculty of psychology and pedagogy

In this article, the author presents the results of studying the characteristics of self-esteem in elementary school children with visual impairments. The aim of the study was to determine the relation between the development of self-esteem, psychological attitude of the child to his visual defect and personal anxiety, and psychological support for the formation of an adequate self-esteem and reduced anxiety over the adoption of children of primary school age their visual lack in the school - a boarding school. self-structure was studied: cognitive, emotional components in time characteristics, anxiety. We obtained the following results. Most visually impaired and blind students (83%) have inadequate (or overcharge or undercharge) self-esteem. Students with high self-esteem are not aware of their defect and does not experience anxiety. Children with low self-esteem are worried about their visual defect and suffer uncontrollable intense anxiety because they do not accept this violation, and hence themselves and as a whole. Children with adequate self-esteem realistically relate to themselves and to their disadvantage. Powered content developed and approved by the author to develop a program for self-correction of younger students with visual impairments, the program includes three blocks: organizational, consisting of activities aimed at bringing together pupils, to create a comfortable and safe atmosphere; Correction and Development, consisting of activities aimed optimization of self-esteem, prevention of emotional disorders; control, which carried out the control sections of the measurement of self-esteem and anxiety. The effectiveness of the program was confirmed by the positive results, verified using methods of mathematical statistics.

Keywords: anxiety, cognitive and emotional components of self-confidence, integrated self-esteem, primary school age, self-esteem over time, visual defect, visually impaired and blind children

Category: 19.00.00 Psychology

Article reference:
Psychological conditions of formation of insight in primary school children with visual impairments // Modern scientific researches and innovations. 2016. № 11 [Electronic journal]. URL: http://web.snauka.ru/en/issues/2016/11/74662

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